Compacts are larger chords that can span several sectors and typically last five years. In order to receive compact financing, a candidate country must have a median value relative to other countries in its income category (for example. B other income countries) with respect to at least 10 of the eligibility indicators, including two necessary indicators: health projects (except water and sanitation) were included in four pacts and four threshold agreements with seven countries. Funding for these projects represented a different share of the overall funding of each agreement, Ranging from 0.4% of Namibia`s compact funding to 36% of Indonesian threshold funding (see Table 2).22 Some examples of health-related projects, 13 A legislative amendment adopted in April 2018 allows MCC to pursue, in addition to its standard bilateral agreements, regional investment agreements (i.e. neighbouring countries), in addition to its standard bilateral agreements; No regional investment has been authorized to date.14 Since its inception in 2004, MCC has supported development programs in 43 low- and middle-income countries11 MCC assistance is provided by two types of agreements: Compacts and Thresholds.12 McC is an independent U.S. foreign aid agency, particularly a U.S. foreign aid agency. Government Corporation founded in January 2004 by the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003.1.2 Its objective is to: Reduce poverty by encouraging economic growth in low- and low-income countries through the development of country-by-country aid agreements, which are supposed to be fuelled by U.S. government-specific priorities.3 In April 2018, AGOA and the MCA Modernization Act (MCC) gave the power to enter into parallel pacts to promote cross-border economic integration. , trade and cooperation. In December 2018, the MCC`s Board of Directors selected five West African countries for parallel pacts: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d`Ivoire, Ghana and Niger. In response to the Ghanaian government`s decision to terminate the concession agreement between Electric Company of Ghana Ltd (ECG) to private operator Power Distribution Services Ghana Ltd (PDS), the MCC Board of Directors did not select Ghana for regional investments in 2019.
Water and wastewater projects were included in nine pacts and a threshold agreement with ten countries. As a percentage of total country funding, support for these projects ranged from 2% of Ghana`s compact funding to 100% of Zambia`s compact funding (see Table 2). Some examples of water and wastewater support projects are as follows: for the first time, Congress funded $994 million in 2004, MCC appropriations in 2006 and 2007 peaked at $1.75 billion in 2006 and 2007. Since then, MCC`s mediocre funding has fluctuated somewhat, although it has remained stable in recent years, at around $900 million per year (see Chart 1). As in the previous two years, the current government has proposed a reduction in appropriations for CCMs in the GJ 2020). So far, Congress has rejected proposed spending cuts17 McC`s project portfolio covers many areas of development, including health. The MCC recognizes that health is important to its mission to fight poverty and has supported a number of health projects in a number of countries19, including in areas such as HIV/AIDS, family planning and reproductive health, food and other public health, water and sanitation efforts. Together, health and/or water and sanitation were included in 12 pacts and five threshold agreements in 16 countries. With the exception of one of these pacts and threshold agreements, all have been concluded (the growth programme in Sierra Leone remains active).